The Piazza del Duomo or "Cathedral Square" is a wide, walled area at the heart of the city of Pisa, Tuscany, Italy. It is dominated by four great religious edifices: the Duomo, the Leaning Tower (the cathedral's campanile), the Baptistry, and the Camposanto.
The Piazza del Duomo is called the Piazza dei Miracoli or "Square of Miracles". The Italian writer and poet, Gabriele d'Annunzio, in his novel, Forse che si forse che no, gave it this name.
The Piazza del Duomo was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.
THE HISTORY OF PISA:
The area was first settled by the Liguri and was then inhabited by the Etruscans. Pisa's growth into a city arrived with the Roman era. At that time, Pisa was a small coastal town but a very important Roman port.
Pisa is divided into two parts by the River Arno, which flows through Florence, and then flows into the Tyrrhenian Sea at Marina di Pisa. Nowdays the coast is about 12km away, since debris from the river blocked up its watercourse downstream and moved the coastline further away.
However, "Pisa" remained important as a shipbuilding center to this day. "Darsena Pisana", the Pisan Dock, still is important to the local economy and it can be seen from the highway about 1 km from Pisa's Galileo Galilei International Airport.
During the Early Middle Ages, Pisa was a very important port and commercial center. It also was one of the four Maritime Republics ( the other three were Amalfi, Venice and Genoa ), which fought for control of the Mediterranean Sea. This was a time of both war victories and wealth for the city, which had colonies all over the Mediterranean coasts and was not only feared but respected.
This time of Pisa's history is celebrated each year with a Regatta. The Regata delle Repubbliche Marinare, is held in Pisa every four years in June.
Pisa declined in power and wealth during the 13th century. It's conflicts with Genoa, resulted in a defeat during the battle of the Meloria (1268), which was the beginning of Pisa's loss as a maritime power. During the same time period, conflicts with the Guelph cities in Tuscany began, along with internal struggles for the control of Pisa.
One of the most natorious persons in the history of Pisa is Count Ugolino della Gerardesca, who is described in Dante's Divina Commedia. Even though he was accused of treachery at the Meloria battle, at few years later he became Lord of Pisa. Then in 1289, the Archbishop ordered his imprisonment in the Gualandi Tower with his children and grandchildren and left there to starve. Local legend says that he ate his children and grandchildren.
During the 14th century, Pisa continued to suffer battles and revolts. On October 9th 1406, the hated Florentine army entered the city and Pisa was placed under the rule of Florence until 1861.
In the 18th, 19th 20th and 21st centuries Pisa continued to grow with its grand University, which is one of the most prestigious in Italy and in all of Europe. Pisa was almost destroyed by bombing during World War II, but it is now being restored and brought back to its glory.
We were there in August of 1999.
Getting to Pisa, Italy:
The Galileo Galilei International Airport (IATA: PSA, ICAO: LIRP) is located in Pisa, Italy. It is the most important airport in Tuscany, connecting the city with major Italian and European destinations. The airport is just one kilometer from the city. Connections are both by train or bus. The train goes directly to Pisa Central Station; bus line 1 passes through the main city streets and arrives to Piazza dei Miracoli. The taxi rank is located opposite the airport exit door. On leaving the Arrivals Terminal, turn immediately right. Here you will find the "Collective Taxi" service from the airport to Pisa Central Station up to Piazza Duomo. Maximum no. of people is 8 with a set rate per person.
There are numerous flights into Pisa and numerous hotels in Pisa.
There are several Guided Tour Agencies offering standard city, and historical tours of Pisa and the surrounding area.
After arranging your flight we would suggest getting your hotel and then letting them arrange tours of the area for you. If you call the hotels Concierge Services ahead of your arrival, all of this can be pre-arranged for you.
We do this all the time. It is safe and it works!!! We have never experienced a problem doing it this way!
We have links to Priceline.com on our page so that you can arrange your flight and hotel in Pisa.
|"Piazza dei Miracoli"|
The Cathedral Square
Construction Started In 1063 A. D.
|The Leaning Tower||Cathedral Square From The New Gate|
|Bottom Of Leaning Tower|
It Began Leaning With The Addition
Of The Third Story In 1174 A. D.
|Audrey At The Cathedral|
|The Tower Isn't|
The Only Leaning Structure
|The Cathedral Dome|
|George & The Leaning Tower||Audrey & The Leaning Tower|
|Audrey & The Leaning Tower||Audrey & The Leaning Tower|
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