Non - Xeriscape.
Common Landscape Plants. Shrubs, Flowers, & Trees.
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Canary Island Pine Tree, Pinus canariensis.

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Canary Island Pine Tree, Pinus canariensis. Also called: Pino canario, pino de Canarias. Non - Xeriscape. Common Landscape Plants. Shrubs, Flowers, & Trees. For The Arizona Desert Environment. Pictures, Photos, Images, Descriptions, & Reviews.
Canary Island Pine Tree, Pinus canariensis.
Canary Island Pine NeedlesCanary Island Pine Needle
Canary Island Pine Tree
Long Needles, Weeping Form
Canary Island Pine Tree
Needle - Cluster Of Three
Canary Island Pine Young BarkCanary Island Pine Old Bark
Canary Island Pine Tree
Young Bark
Canary Island Pine Tree
Old Bark
Canary Island Pine FlowerCanary Island Pine Cone
Canary Island Pine Tree
Flower
Canary Island Pine Tree
Cone

Canary Island Pine Tree.
Pinus canariensis, Pine Family: ( Pinaceae ), Canary Island Pine Tree. Also called: Pino canario, pino de Canarias.

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An evergreen, conifer tree. Fast growth rate, 50 - 80' in height, 30' spread. pyramidal in shape. Bluish-green needles in threes, 9 - 12" long.

While, not a native it is one of the oldest landscaping pines grown in the Phoenix, Yuma, and Tucson areas.

In the Canary Islands Archipelago it is a pine tree which sometimes reaches great dimensions; there are some plants up to 192 feet tall with trunks over seven feet in diameter. It has needle-shaped leaves, sometimes light green, up to 12 inches long, arranged in clusters of three. The upright trunk has grey bark, with grey-reddish plates. The "Canary Islands' pine-tree" is an endemic plant of the archipelago, but it is wild only in Tenerife, La Palma, Gran Canaria and Hierro.

This species of pine is the largest pine native to the Old World. A tree 196 feet tall and 104 inches girth has been measured near the road just north of Vilaflor, SW Tenerife, at about 4,921 feet altitude.

Resistant to oak root fungus.


Quick Notes:

Height: Up to 50 - 80 feet with spread of 30 feet at maturity.

Flowers: Dioecious; on dense, hanging many-branched 1 foot long clusters, creamy yellow - white, opening from a husk-like structure, appearing periodically throughout the year.

Flowering Time: Mid March - May.

Buds: Monoecious, tiny beige male flower appears on branch tips.

Cones: Cones with true cone shape, glossy brown in color, 4 -9 inches long.

Trunks: Up to 4 feet diameter, brown to gray. Some in the world have reached 7 feet in diameter!

Bark: Red, dark brown, thick flat-furrowed.

Leaves: Fine needles, to 12 inch long, weeping form, in bundles of 3, bluish when young. Longer needles than Pinus halepensis or P. elderica.

Found: Native to the Canary Islands. Specifically n the western Canary Islands of Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma, Hierro and Gomera (W of N Africa). Found throughout Arizona at lower elevations.

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Elevation: In Arizona usually at 200 to 1,500 feet. A desert pine tree. However the worlds tallest was found at 4,921 feet altitude.

Habitat: Lower elevations where water is available. It grows well in sand, sandy loam, clay and other heavy soils. It needs good drainage and aeration. It is remarkably tolerant of alkali. In its native habitat it is found at the base of "barrancos" where, even during the dry season, a small amount of water is always present in the soil.

Miscellaneous: Very popular pine tree in Phoenix. Photos Taken in Phoenix, Arizona. January 21, 2006.

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