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Monte Alban
Archaeological Ruins
Page Four

Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico.
Travel & Tour
Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews. Page Four.

Places That No Longer Are Accessable
Or Difficult To See, Due To Restrictions.

George & Eve DeLange

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A Top View Of: Building J, "The Observatory," Of Monte Alban. And "The Grand Patio.".
Photo Taken From The Top Of "The South Platform." November 9, 2012.
Click On This Photo For A Video Of:
Building J, "The Observatory," Of Monte Alban. And "The Grand Patio." 34.9 MB.

A Top View Of: Building J, "The Observatory," Or Building "J," Of Monte Alban. And "The Grand Patio."
Photo Taken From The Top Of "The South Platform." November 9, 2012.

The Southwest Corner Of: Building J, "The Observatory," Or Building "J," Of Monte Alban. And "The Grand Patio."
Photo Taken From The "Grand Patio." November 9, 2012.

Compare This Photo With The 2012 Photos Above.
A Top View Of: Building J, "The Observatory," Or Building "J," Of Monte Alban. And "The Grand Patio."
Photo Taken From The Top Of "The South Platform." In 1982.

Monte Alban: Building J or the "Observatory."

Being an amateur astronomer, George DeLange was facinated with this building. In fact he thinks it is one of the oddest buildings to be encountered in Meso-America. Built sometime between 100 BC and 200 AD in at least three different phases, it has astronomical alignments with the setting positions of the Southern Cross and Alpha and Beta Centauri, and the rising position of Capella.

It has many characteristics which set it apart from the rest of the city. The most obvious is the orientation of the building, running at a roughly 45 degree angle east of north from the rest of the site. Also, it has a peculiar arrowhead shape. Unlike the symmetrical layout exhibited by most Meso-American structures, the Observatory is designed so that no two walls or angles have the same measurements.

Along the back walls of the building are an array of stone plaques depicting different scenes and figures from Monte Alban including scenes of astronomical importance such as sighting sticks. Rather than showing a series of connected scenes, the display is somewhat haphazard, with some of them even apparently upside down. This suggests that they were not crafted with this location in mind but that they were relocated from older sites and then placed in the Observatory. This odd orientation and sizing, along with many of the carvings, are what has lead to the speculation that this building was an ancient observatory.

While anthropologists have yet to find a solid reason for the hall way which leads through the building, they have found many astronomical alignments associated with the building. Using a planetarium to recreate the sky as it would have appeared in BC 250 reveals that at the time the point where the Southern Cross sets in the west was almost directly where the rear of the building points to the horizon. In addition, a sightline running perpendicular from the doorway atop the stairs runs directly over a sight tube in the stairwell of Building P which was probably used to sight Pleiades and as a zenith tube similar to the one found in Xochicalco. Another sightline running perpendicular from a door at the top of the stairs, which was placed at an angle 4 degrees off the stairs, leads through a doorway on the top of Building P and announced the annual rising of the star Capella. This took place annually on the same day the sun reached its zenith above Monte Alban and likely served to give the priests advanced notice of this event (Aveni pp.249-57).

The carvings on Building J record possible conquests of neighboring cities. These carvings depict named hills (in the Zapotec writing system) with severed or upside-down heads hanging from them.

Another alignment is that from the top of Building J, there is a clear view of another hill top city called Atzompa. Look at the left hand photo of: George DeLange At The Star Alignment Tunnel Of Building J, "The Observatory." You can see Atzompa in the background over George.

There are also several tunnels, or sighting slots cut through the structure, and the structure appears to have been aligned with the star system of Capella.

Building J is roped off so that it can not be climbed any longer. These pictures taken in 1982, will show some of the "sighting tunnels" and views from the top of Building J.

You can get some nice views of Building J from the South Platform but, it is not as nice as being able to walk on the top of Building J.

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George DeLange Pointing To Rising Sun On Top of Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Building J, "The Observatory" Of Monte Alban
George DeLange "The Astronomer" Pointing At The Sun.
You Can Not Stand Here! This Building Is Now Roped Off.

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Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Tunnel. Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Building J, "The Observatory". Tunnel
Building J, "The Observatory".
George DeLange At The Star Alignment Tunnel. Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.George DeLange At The Star Tunnel. Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
George DeLange At
The Star Alignment Tunnel
Building J, "The Observatory".
George DeLange At
The Star Alignment Tunnel
Building J, "The Observatory".
George DeLange At The Temple. Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
George DeLange At
The Temple. Building J.
Building J, "The Observatory".
Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Building J, "The Observatory".Building J, "The Observatory".
Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Building J, "The Observatory".Building J, "The Observatory".

The Tombs

Monte Alban: The Tombs. There have been over 200 tombs discovered at Monte Alban. Most were of elete citizens of the area and a few were rulers. Very little information has been discovered about the people who the tombs were for.

It is interesting to note that in some cases a rock wheel was used to roll across the entrance to the tomb to seal it against intruders. A practice used in the Middle East during the time of Christ.

We are showing a few of the tombs, some opened and some not opened for your viewing pleasure.

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Tomb 104. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
There Have Been Several Tombs Found Near
The North And North East
Of The North Pyramid Group Of Monte Alban
This Is Tomb 104.

Tomb 104. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Tomb 104. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Tomb 104.Tomb 104.
Tomb 104. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Tomb 104. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Tomb 104.Tomb 104.
Tomb 104. Rain God Cocijo. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Tomb 104. Rain God Cocijo. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Tomb 104
Rain God Cocijo.
Tomb 104
Rain God Cocijo.
Tomb 104. Rain God Cocijo. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Tomb 104. Rain God Cocijo. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Tomb 104
Rain God Cocijo.
Tomb.
Tomb. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Tomb. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Tomb.Tomb.
Tomb. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Tomb. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Tomb.Tomb.
Tomb. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Tomb. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Tomb.Tomb.

Monte Alban: The Danzantes.

Almost all of the original Danzantes have been replaced with stone, or fiberglass reproductions. Almost all of the originals are now in museums, or in storage. Photos of some of the original danzantes; while located on site are shown below. These photos were taken many years ago in 1982.

Original Danzante. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Close Up Of One Of Several Original "Los Danzantes".
Audrey DeLange Showing Us The 'Tunnel Complex' Or  'The Chapel' In The Center Of Plaza. And Building J, 'The Observatory'. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Audrey DeLange Showing Us The 'Tunnel Complex' Or 'The Chapel' In The Center Of Plaza. And Building J,
Looking SW Toward Complex G, H, & I.
The "Tunnel Complex" Or (The Chapel) In The Center Of Plaza.
Building J (Observatory) Is On The Top Left (SE Corner).

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Audrey DeLange Going To See The Original Danzante Mound. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Audrey DeLange Going To See Temple M. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Going To See
"Los Danzantes".
Low Mound Is
The "Danzante Mound".
Temple M Is
In Center Background.
Going To See
"Los Danzantes".
Temple H In background.
Original Los Danzante. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Original Los Danzantes. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
The Wall Of
"Los Danzantes".
Danzante Mound
In Back Left.
On Right Is Temple H.
The Wall Of
"Los Danzantes".
Danzante Mound
In Back.
Original Los Danzantes. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Pyramid M. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
The Wall Of
"Los Danzantes".
SE Corner Of
Temple H In Background.
CourtYard & Altar
Of Pyramid M.
At SW Corner
Of Monte Alban.
Looking East From
Top Of Pyramid M.
Audrey DeLange At The Tunnel Complex. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Audrey DeLange At The Chapel. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Looking SW Toward
Complex G, H, & I.
Tunnel Complex
(The Chapel)
In Center Of Plaza
Building J (Observatory)
Top Left (SE Corner).
Looking West Toward
Complex G, H, & I.
Audrey DeLange
Standing Near
(The Chapel)
In Center Of Plaza.
Photo Taken From
Top Of Temple P.
Note Tunnel
Entrances To Chapel.
The Palace. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Audrey DeLange At The Chapel. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
NE Side
Of "The Palace".
Temple P From Temple 11.
Looking West Toward
Complex G, H, & I.
Audrey DeLange Standing
Near (The Chapel)
In Center Of Plaza.
Photo Taken From
Top Of Temple P.
Audrey DeLange In Temple Of The H Structure. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Audrey DeLange At H Structure Temple. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Audrey DeLange
In Temple At Top
Of H Structure.
SW Corner.
Audrey DeLange
In Temple At Top
Of H Structure
NorthEast Corner.
Temple 11 Entrance. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Temple 11 Tunnel. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
South Side
Entrance To Temple 11.
Temple 11 Tunnel.
Temple 11 Tunnel. Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.Monte Alban Archaeological Ruins Near Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico Travel And Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, & Reviews.
Temple 11 Tunnel.Tunnel.

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Other Monte Alban Ruins Attractions!



Monte Alban Page One

Monte Alban Page Two

Monte Alban Page Three

Monte Alban Tomb 7 Gold Treasure

Monte Alban On Site Museum Page




Other Oaxaca Region Ruins & Attractions!


Atzompa Ruins - Newly Open To The Public

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Oaxaca MPEG Video Page

Monte Alban Ruins

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Yagul Ruins

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