Arizona Wild Flowers
Pictures, Photos, Images
Descriptions, Information, Reviews.

Crucifixion Thorn, Canotia holacantha.

We Are Proud Of Our SafeSurf Rating!

Click On Any Of The Following Links By Amazon.Com
For Books, & Videos About Wildflowers Of Arizona & The Southwest USA. No Obligation!

Crucifixion Thorn, Canotia holacantha. Also called Holacantha, Chaparro Amargosa, Castela emori (gray), castela, corona-de-Cristo, and rosario. Arizona Wild Flowers. Pictures, Photos, Images, Descriptions, Information, Reviews.
Crucifixion Thorn, Canotia holacantha;
Photo Taken April 25, 2005 Near Hillside, Arizona.
Crucifixion Thorn.Woodpecker Hole. In Crucifixion Thorn Tree Branch.
15 Foot Crucifixion Thorn
On A hillside.
Woodpecker Hole In Branch
Off Of Thick Trunk.
Crucifixion Thorn.Canotia holacantha.
Crucifixion Thorn.Canotia holacantha.
Crucifixion Thorn Flowers.Crucifixion Thorn Seed Pods.
Crucifixion Thorn Flowers.Canotia holacantha Seed Pods
Crucifixion Thorn Seed Pods.Canotia holacantha.
Crucifixion Thorn Seed Pods.Canotia holacantha Seed Pods.

Crucifixion Thorn.
Canotia holacantha, Bittersweet Family ( Celastraceae ), Crucifixion Thorn. Also called Holacantha, Chaparro Amargosa, Castela emori (gray), castela, corona-de-Cristo, and rosario.

We wish to thank Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia for some of the information on this page. We share images and information with Wikipedia.

A large diecious shrub or small tree, up to 10 - 15 feet tall with gray - green, rigid branches that are tipped with sharp thorns; leaves reduced to deciduous scales.

Named for its gray - green, smooth rigid twigs, up to 8" long and about 1/4" in diameter that are tipped by sharp spines. The leaves are insignificant and short-lived. The stems and bark do most of the photosynthetic work for the plant.

Has male and female flowers on separate plants; female flowers followed by a ring composed of 5-10 flattened 1-seeded segments which can survive for years.

The female shrubs bear persistant clusters of woody red - brown capsules with 5 valves, each about 1/2 inch long.


Quick Notes:

Height: 8 to 10 feet tall average, some up to about 12 - 15 feet.

Trunk: Up To About 2 1/2 Foot Thick. A single trunk sometimes with a few branches. Each branch can be 8" - 10" in diameter.

Stems: The young branches are covered with short, fine hairs; the older branches are streaked with gray-brown bark.

Flowers: Red - brown, 5-petaled flowers less than 1/2 inch wide, in axillary clusters bloom in June and July. Has male and female flowers on separate plants.

Flowering Time: June - July.

Fruit: Clusters of red - brown seeds about 1/2 inch long hang down in groups of 5. Seeds may persist for several years.

Leaves: When present are scalelike.

Found: Native to the USA (AZ). Also native to northern Mexico in northern Sonora.

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Elevation: 500 - 4,500 Feet.

Habitat: Dry, rocky desert washes, slopes and plains.

Miscellaneous: Photos Taken April 25, 2005. Near Hillside, Arizona.

We Are Proud Of Our SafeSurf Rating!

Click On Any Of The Following Links By Amazon.Com
For Books, & Videos About Wildflowers Of Arizona & The Southwest USA. No Obligation!

Back To Arizona Wild Flowers Home Page.

Back To Arizona Wild Flowers, Other Flowers Page One.


Back To DeLange Home Page

© 1966 - Present, Audrey, Eve, & George DeLange