Non - Xeriscape.
Common Landscape Plants. Shrubs, Flowers, & Trees.
For The Arizona Desert Environment
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Cocao Trees, Theobroma cacao.

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Cocao Trees, Theobroma cacao
Cocao Trees, Theobroma cacao
Growing Among 2600 Year Old Ruins
Of The Ancient Mayan City Of Izapa In Chiapas, Mexico.
Izapa Is Where The Astronomical Event
Of The Mayan 2012 Prophesy Is to Begin!
Cocao Trees, Theobroma cacao
Cocao Trees, Theobroma cacao - These Trees Provide An Income
To The Farmers Who Live Among The Ruins.
Cocao Trees, Theobroma cacao
Cocao Trees, Theobroma cacao - Izapa In Chiapas, Mexico.
Is About 5 Miles From Guatemala, Near Pacific Ocean.
Cocao Tree FlowersCocao Green Seed Pod
Cocao Tree Flowers.Cocao Green Seed Pod.
Cocao OrchardGreen Immature Cocao Fruit
Cocao Orchard.Green Immature Cocao Fruit.
Mature Cocao FruitDried Cocao Seeds
Mature Cocao Fruit
Before Seeds Are Dried
They Will Grow Into Plants
About 35 Seeds Per Fruit
Dried Cocao Seeds
Can Be Ground For Chocolate
Will Not Grow Into Plants
Fresh Cocao SeedFresh Cocao Seeds
Mature Cocao Fruit
Fresh Seeds Grow Into Plants.
Seeds Surrounded By
A Sugar Type
Of Coating
That When Fermented Gives
Chocolate Flavor.
Cocao SproutsCocao Sprout
Cocao Seed Sprout
Side View.
To Germinate, The Seed Must Be
Removed From The White Sheath.
It Must Be Kept Moist.
Cocao Seed Sprout
Anterior View.
The Seed Must Be
Immediately Planted
Before It Drys In Any Way.
Cocao Sprouts First LeafCocao Sprout First Leafs.
Cocao Seed Sprout
First Leafs.
Cocao Seed Sprout
First Leafs.
Cocao PlantCocao Plants.
Young Cocao Plant
19 Days Old.
Young Cocao Plant
19 Days Old.

Cocao Tree.
Cocao Trees, Theobroma cacao Mallow Family ( Malvaceae ),

We wish to thank Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia for some of the information on this page. We share images and information with Wikipedia.

We are including this plant in our web page since there are groups of gardners in Arizona who like to grow tropical plants. It will not grow in Arizona without a lot of care and protection from the sun. We recommend a good fungicide to prevent a black leaf fungus. Even so, we do not expect the plant to produce fruit because we expect the tree to die before it reaches a fruit producing age of 8 - 12 years.

It is believed that the cocoa tree originated near the headwaters of the Amazon Basin and in early times it was spread throughout the central part of Amazonia Guiana, westward and northward to the south of Mexico.

Today Cocao Trees are also found in other tropical areas of the world, such as West Africa, notably Nigeria, Ghana and the Ivory coast, which produce two thirds of the total world crop of 2 million tons per year (Bendicks).

The scientific name Theobroma means "food of the gods", while cacao probably comes from the Yucatec Maya word cacau.

They grow best in the shade of other trees, so farmers tend to plant taller trees around them.

Cocoa is finely pulverised de-fatted, roasted "Cacao" kernels, to which natural and artificial spices and flavours may be added. It is commercially manufactured by pumping hot Chocolate liquor (semi-liquid ground cacao kernels) into hydraulic cage presses where, under extreme pressure, part of the fat, or cocoa butter, is removed. The fat content of cocoa varies from less than 10% to 22% or more for breakfast or high fat cocoa. Cocoa may be Dutch-processed by a mild alkali treatment to change and darken the color and improve flavor.

We have personally grown this plant in Glendale, Arizona. But, it did not survive!


Quick Notes:

Height: 12 feet - 30 feet with slightly less spread.

Flowers: Clusters directly on the trunk and older branches; they are small, 1/2 inch - 3/4 inch diameter, with a pink calyx.

Flowering Time: January - June.

Leaves: Alternate, entire, unlobed, 1 1/2 inches to 20 inches long and 1 1/2 inches to 9 inches wide.

Trunk: Up to 2 feet in diameter.


Fruit: Cacao pod, is ovoid, 15-30 cm long and 8-10 cm wide, ripening yellow to orange, and weighs about 500 g when ripe. The pod contains 20 to 60 seeds, usually called "beans", embedded in a white pulp.


Found: Native to the deep tropical regions of the Americas.


Hardiness: But grows best where there is high humidity.

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Elevation: Can be found from 0 - 1,100 Feet.

Habitat: Orchards, landscaping, & wild. It requires a humid climate with regular rainfall and good soil. It is an understory tree, growing best with some overhead shade. Does not grow well in Arizona.

Miscellaneous: Tree Photos Taken; January 18, 2004. Chiapas, Mexico. Sprouts Taken In Glendale, Arizona March 7 through 20, 2004.

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