|Desert Broom, Baccharis sarothroides.|
|Desert Broom.||Baccharis sarothroides.|
Or Desert Broom Branch.
|Female Desert Broom Flowers.|
Bloom October - January.
|Male Desert Broom Flowers.|
Different Sex Flowers.
On Seperate Plants.
In The Summer.
In The Summer.
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Desert broom is a vertical, evergreen, densely-branched shrub usually 3 to 6 feet tall, occasionally up to 10 feet tall. Its many fine twigs are green; the tiny, linear leaves are deciduous during dry periods. The plants are dioecious (that is, each individual plant bears only “male”or “female” flowers) and blooms in the fall. The wind - dispersed, white-tasseled seeds are produced by the female plants in such abundance that the plants and nearby ground appear to be snow-covered.
Desert broom grows in the desert, desert grasslands, and chaparral from 500 to 5,000 feet elevation in Arizona, California, Sonora, and Baja California.
In the winter the cottony mounds crowning the female plant are composed of countless individual fruits. Each seed is attached to many silken, white hairs called pappus. The pappus, serving as parachutes, carry by the wind, the seeds which drift to the ground, collecting everywhere!
Desert Broom is relatively short-lived. It is rarely browsed by mammals, but its strong shade fosters the growth of other plants. Desert Broom is most prominent in the higher areas of our Arizona stream beds.
Height: Up To About 3 to 6 feet tall.
Flowers: The color of the female flower bud is white. The color of the male flower bud is cream colored. Found in racemes, displayed in 1/4 inch flowerheads.
Flowering Time: Mid October - January.
Fruit: Seeds are small achenes tipped with long feathery white threads
Leaves: Thick, sessile, green, narrowly linear - oblanceolate.
Found: Native to the Sonoran Desert of northern Mexico (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sinaloa, Sonora); and the Southwestern United States (AZ, CA, NM, NV, TX).
Soil pH requirements:
Elevation: Usually at 500 - 5,000 Feet.
Habitat: Desert, desert grasslands, and chaparral. Usually A Xeriscape Landscaping Plant At lower Elevations.
Miscellaneous: Flowering Photos Taken October - Nevember 2005. In A Wash, Near Congress, Arizona.
|© 1966 - Present, Audrey, Eve, & George DeLange|