Arizona Vegetable & Fruit Gardening
For The Arizona Desert Environment
Pictures, Photos, Images, Descriptions, & Reviews.

George & Eve Delange

Arizona Compatible Vegetables
That Grow Well Together.

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Raised Bed With Asparagus & Corn Growing Together.  Compatible Arizona Vegetable & Fruit Gardening For The Arizona Desert Environment. Pictures, Photos, Images, Descriptions,  Information, & Reviews.
Raised Bed With Asparagus & Corn Growing Together.
Compatible Arizona Vegetable & Fruit Gardening For The Arizona Desert Environment.

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Compatible Vegetables

To grow a successful bountiful vegetable garden, it's wise to understand the growing conditions required by the plants you use. By following the simple principles of companion planting and placing compatible plants together, you'll maximize space in the garden, provide similar growing conditions and help protect against invading pests.

Planning:
Decide which vegetables you would like to grow. Use a chart of good and bad companions for vegetables and combine compatible plants together.

Place taller plants (corn, sunflowers) in the back of the garden, then work your way forward with the smaller plants. Planting companion flowers at the front will beautify the garden.

Physical Aspect:
One benefit of companion planting is the ability to grow a large variety of vegetables in a small space. Three examples of companions are what is traditionally known as the "Three Sisters": corn, squash and beans. Native Americans planted this combination of plants together as a means of growing a balanced diet. The tall corn stalks provide a support system for the climbing beans and the squash provides a ground cover to protect the corn and beans from weeds.

Growing Conditions:
Consider the sun/shade requirements for your plants. A great example of companion planting is to pair a taller sun-loving plant to shade-leaf lettuce.

Vegetables require water to grow and lots of it. This is not a good place to plant any succulents or plants with low-water requirements.

Pest Control:
Onion plants repel insects.

Plants such as chives, garlic, onions and select herbs produce offensive chemicals or smells that repel insects and disease. Using companion plants naturally lower pest problems in the garden without chemical intervention.

Insects such as lady bugs, praying mantis, spiders, wasps and several species of flies are beneficial to the garden. The small flowers of carrot, dill, parsley and coriander have strong fragrances that attract these beneficial insects.

Good Combinations:
Use some of these companion plantings for good combinations in your garden; ie..basil planted next to the tomatoes help to repel tomato hornworms. Marigolds planted in the garden are a popular secret among gardeners. Nasturtiums planted next to the squash will help to repel squash bugs. Plant mint, thyme or chamomile to control cabbage moths. Planting a border of thyme or lavender along the garden discourages slugs from entering.

Plant dill next to cucumber; it repels aphids and spider mites but attracts beneficial insects. Dill also stimulates a better flavor in cucumbers as the two plants mature.

Bad Combinations:
There are also bad combinations to consider. Do not place onions with beans or peas. Strong herbs should not be planted near cucumbers. Separate the tomato and corn plants; they do not make good companions.

The potato plant does not do well with cucumber, pumpkin, squash family, sunflower, turnip or fennel.

Benefits:
The careful planning of your garden according to vegetable compatibility will bring the rewards of a full harvest of fresh vegetables and flowers to be enjoyed in the kitchen or summer outdoor cookouts.

The guides listed below are fairly thorough but not complete. You may wish to experiment a little on your own. Folks that do, seem to keep coming up with new combinations.

For Example: While touring in Peru we noticed that Asparagus and Corn grow well together. Potatoes also do well nearby.

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In the following listing, companions refer to those vegetables that, when planted together, are mutually beneficial. Allies are the herbs and flowers that provide protection or improve the growth of certain vegetables. Enemies are other vegetables, herbs and flowers that can cause detrimental effects when planted near certain vegetables.

This listing explains in detail the exact effects of the allies and enemies, and names the companions.

ASPARAGUS

Companions: Basil, parsley, tomato. Ally: Pot marigold deters beetles.

BEANS

Companions: Beet (to bush beans only), cabbage family, carrot, celery, chard, corn, cucumber, eggplant, pea, potatoes, radish, strawberry.

Enemies: Garlic, onion and shallot stunt the growth of beans.

Allies: Marigold deters Mexican bean beetles.
Nasturtium and rosemary deter bean beetles.
Summer savory deters bean beetles, improves growth and flavor.

BEETS

Companions: Bush beans, cabbage family, lettuce, onion

Ally: Garlic improves growth and flavor.

Enemies: Pole beans and beets stunt each other's growth.

CABBAGE FAMILY
(Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, kale and kohlrabi)

Companions: Beet, celery, chard, cucumber, lettuce, onion, potato, spinach.

Allies: Chamomile and garlic improve growth and flavor.
Catnip, hyssop, rosemary and sage deter cabbage moth.
Dill improves growth and health.
Mint deters cabbage moth and ants, improves health and flavor.

Nasturtium deters bugs, beetles, aphids.
Southernwood deters cabbage moth, improves growth and flavor.
Tansy deters cabbageworm and cutworm.
Thyme deters cabbageworm.

Enemies: Kohlrabi and tomato stunt each other's growth.

CARROTS

Companions: Bean, lettuce, onion, pea, pepper, radish, tomato Allies: Chives improve growth and flavor.
Rosemary and sage deter carrot fly.

Enemy: Dill retards growth.

CELERY

Companions: Bean, cabbage family and tomato Allies: Chives and garlic deter aphids.
Nasturtium deters bugs and aphids.

CHARD

Companions: Bean, cabbage family and onion

CORN

Companions: Bean, cucumber, melon, parsley, pea, potato, pumpkin, squash

Enemies: Tomatoes and corn are attacked by the same worm.

Allies: Odorless marigold and white geranium deter Japanese beetles. 
Pigweed raises nutrients from the subsoil to where the corn can reach them.

CUCUMBER

Companions: Bean, cabbage family, corn, pea, radish, tomato

Enemy: Sage is generally injurious to cucumber.

Allies: Marigold deters beetles.
Nasturtium deters aphids, beetles and bugs, improves growth and flavor.
Oregano deters pests in general.
Tansy deters ants, beetles, bugs, flying insects.

EGGPLANT

Companions: Bean, pepper Allies: Marigold deters nematodes.

LETTUCE

Companions: Beet, cabbage family, carrot, onion, radish, strawberry Allies: Chives and garlic deter aphids.

MELONS

Companions: Corn, pumpkin, radish, squash Allies: Marigold deters beetles.
Nasturtium deters bugs and beetles.
Oregano provides general pest protection

ONlONS

Companions: Beet, cabbage family, carrot, chard, lettuce, pepper, strawberry, tomato

Enemies: Onions stunt bean, pea.

Allies: Chamomile and summer savory improve growth and flavor.
Pigweed raises nutrients from subsoil and makes them available to the onions.
Sow thistle improves growth and health.

PARSLEY

Companions: Asparagus, corn, tomato

PEAS

Companions: Bean, carrot, corn, cucumber, radish, turnip Allies: Chives deter aphids.
Mint improves health and flavor.

Enemies: Garlic and onion stunt the growth of peas.

PEPPERS

Companions: Carrot, eggplant, onion and tomato

POTATOES

Companions: Beans, cabbage family, corn, eggplant, pea

Enemies: Tomatoes and potatoes are attacked by the same blight.

Allies: Horseradish, planted at the corners of the potato patch, provides general protection.
Marigold deters beetles.

PUMPKINS

Companions: Corn, melon, squash Allies: Marigold deters beetles.
Nasturtium deters bugs, beetles.
Oregano provides general pest protection.

RADISHES

Companions: Bean, carrot, cucumber, lettuce, melon, pea Allies: Chervil and nasturtium improve growth and flavor.

Enemy: Hyssop

SPINACH

Companions: Cabbage family, strawberry

SQUASH

Companions: Corn, melon, pumpkin

Allies: Borage deters worms, improves growth and flavor.

Marigold deters beetles.
Nasturtium deters squash bugs and beetles.
Oregano provides general pest protection.

STRAWBERRY

Companions: Bean, lettuce, onion, spinach, thyme

Enemy: Cabbage

Allies: Borage strengthens resistance to insects and disease.
Thyme, as a border, deters worms.

TOMATOES

Companions: Asparagus, carrot, celery, cucumber, onion, parsley, pepper

Enemies: Corn and tomato are attacked by the same worm.
Mature dill retards tomato growth.
Kohlrabi stunts tomato growth.
Potatoes and tomatoes are attacked by the same blight.

Allies: Basil repels flies and mosquitoes, improves growth and flavor.
Bee balm, chives and mint improve health and flavor.
Borage deters tomato worm, improves growth and flavor.
Dill, until mature, improves growth and health. Once mature, it stunts tomato growth.
Marigold deters nematodes.
Pot marigold deters tomato worm and general garden pests,

TURNIPS

Companion: Pea

Raised Bed With Potatoes, Eggplant, Tomatoes, Asparagus, & Corn Growing Together.  Compatible Arizona Vegetable & Fruit Gardening Of The Arizona Desert Environment Pictures, Photos, Images, Descriptions,  Information, & Reviews.
Raised Bed
With Potatoes, Eggplant, Tomatoes,
Asparagus, & Corn Growing Together.
Compatible Arizona Vegetable &
Fruit Gardening, Yarnell, Arizona.

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