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Caesarea Maritima
Caesarea By The Sea.

Israel.
Travel & Tour
Pictures, Photos, & Information.

Audrey DeLange
November 1999.

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The ancient city of Caesarea is located half way between Tel Aviv and Haifa. The principal sights of Caesarea are the Crusader city and the Roman theater, both of which are included in a National Park ticket for both sites. The remains of the ancient aqueduct which is located on the beach to the north can be seen without purchasing a ticket.

Caesarea was first occupied by the Phoenicians, who built a harbor here in the fourth century B.C.; it is thought the original settlement lay to the north of the Crusader city, near the structure they built called, Strato's Tower.

After the conquest by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C. the area was occupied by the Greeks. Then in 22 B.C. - 9 B.C, Herod the Great began the construction of a large city and a great harbor, in the area, which he named Caesarea in honor of Augustus Caesar. the city, which included palaces, temples, a theater, a marketplace, a hippodrome, and water and sewage systems. When it was completed 12 years later, only Jerusalem was greater than Caesarea. Its population under Herod the Great grew to around l00,000, larger than that of Jerusalem; the city covered about 164 acres."

Later on when Judaea became a Roman province in about 6 A.D., Caesarea became the residence of the Roman procurators, including Pontius Pilate (A.D. 26-36).

Scholars were questioning the actual existence of a Roman Governor with the name Pontius Pilate, the procurator who ordered Jesus' crucifixion. Then in June 1961 Italian archaeologists led by Dr. Frova were excavating an ancient Roman amphitheatre near Caesarea and uncovered an interesting limestone block. On the face is an inscription which is part of a larger dedication to Tiberius Caesar which clearly says that it was from "Pontius Pilate, Prefect of Judea.".

It is the only known occurrence of the name Pontius Pilate in any ancient inscription. Today when you visit Caesarea's theater you see a replica, the original is in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

The city of Caesarea was one of the most important cities in Israel during the time of Christ and during the following first few centuries of the early church.

From the scriptures we learn that Caesarea was the home of Cornelius, the first Gentile convert (Acts 10:1) and of Philip the evangelist (Acts 8:40). Herod Agrippa was smitten by an angel of the Lord at Caesarea (Acts 12:21-23) and the apostle Paul visited the city on many occasions (Acts 9:30; 23:23-35).

In ancient times it was usually known as Caesarea of Palestine. In modern times to destinguish this city from Caesarea Philippi, it is known as Caesarea Maritima, which means Caesarea by the sea.

Hostilities between the Greeks and Jews existed for quite a while, exploding with the Jewish revolt of 66 A.D., where most of the Jewish population were killed.

The first Jewish rebellion was squelched by Vespasian and it was in Caesarea that the Roman legions proclaimed Vespasian emperor in 69 A.D.. Then a year later Vespasian's son, Titus, captured and destroyed Jerusalem. Later after 70 A.D., Caesarea became a Roman colony and the local Roman capital of Palestine for almost 600 years.

Caesarea continued on to be of great commercial importance, until after the Crusades. The Polos set left from here in the 13th century for their travels to the Great Khan of the Mongols in far away Peking, China.

Today Caesarea is a large archaeological site, with several structural remains from the Roman, Byzantine and Crusader periods.

Caesarea's Roman buildings were mostly used for construction in other towns. Its' ancient harbour is now several meters below the sea level. There is a Roman aqueduct, north of the city. A restored Roman theatre in the southern part of the city. And the ruins of a Roman amphitheatre and hippodrome.

Regarding the Roman aqueduct, since there were no natural sources of water at Caesarea, the demand for water during the Romans' occupation was considerable. Therefore the Roman legions built an aqueduct to bring water from the foothills of Mt. Carmel, about eight miles away. A channel four miles long was actually cut through natural rock and for the remaining four miles water was actually piped into the aqueduct.

The apostle Paul visited Caesarea on several occasions. According to Acts, when the brethren found that the Hellenists sought to kill Paul "they brought him down to Caesarea and sent him out to Tarsus" (Acts 9:30). Caesarea was also Paul's port of landing on his return from his second and third journeys (Acts 18:22; 21:7-8).

Claudius Lysias also sent Paul to Caesarea with 70 horsemen, 200 soldiers and 200 spearmen who went as far as Antipatris, see (Acts 23:23-35). In Caesarea Paul gave his defense speech before Felix (Acts 24:10-21) and during his two years of imprisonment, he preached to Felix and Drusilla, as described in (Acts 24:22-27) and later on to King Agrippa as written in (Acts 26:1-32). When questioned by Festus, he appealed his case unto Caesar, see (Acts 25:10-12), and set he then sailed to Italy from Caesarea as told in (Acts 27:1-3).

Muhraka, Elijah's Monument

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There are two choices for your arrival if you wish to go to Caesarea. Tel Aviv or Haifa.

The easy way to get to Tel Aviv, is to fly into the Ben Gurion International Airport. The airport is close to Tel Aviv, which is about 12 miles away.

The Ben Gurion International Airport, (IATA: TLV, ICAO: LLBG), also referred to by its Hebrew acronym Natbag, is the largest and busiest international airport in Israel. It was named the best airport in the Middle East by the ACI organisation.[ The airport is located near the city of Lod, 15 km (9 mi) southeast of Tel Aviv. It is operated by the Israel Airports Authority, a government-owned corporation that manages all public airports and border crossings in the State of Israel. The Ben Gurion International Airport is considered one of the world's most secure airports, with a security force that includes both police officers and IDF soldiers.

The easy way to get to Haifa, is to fly into the Haifa International Airport Haifa.

Haifa International Airport Haifa, also known as U Michaeli Airport) (IATA: HFA, ICAO: LLHA) is the Israeli airport located in Haifa. It is located to the east of the city, close to Kishon Port and Israel Shipyards and mainly serves civilian flights, with some military usage. Most passenger flights passing through the airport are domestic operations to Eilat and Tel Aviv and international flights to Jordan, Cyprus and Turkey.

There are several hotels in or near Tel Aviv or Haifa.

There are several Guided Tour Agencies offering standard city, and historical tours of Tel Aviv or Haifa, and the surrounding areas.

After arranging your flight we would suggest getting your hotel and then letting them arrange tours of the area for you. If you call the hotels Concierge Services ahead of your arrival, all of this can be pre-arranged for you.

I do this all the time. It is safe and it works!!! I have never experienced a problem doing it this way!

I have links to Priceline.Com on our page so that you can arrange your flight and hotel in the Tel Aviv or Haifa, Israel area.



Special Note - To Arrange Tours:

A New Way To Arrange Your Tours Has Become Popular. It makes the process of getting a tour easy, and timesaving for you. It also is almost always less expensive. In most cases when you are at an attraction, you will be escourted to the front of the line, and be given special treatment.

It is viator.com. They can do all of the work for you and get you into some awesome tours of the various attractions.

There are links to viator.com on this page where you can arrange many special tours in Israel. When you click on the links, you will find inexpensive tours of the "must see or do," sites in Israel. From my own experience, these are far less expensive, than what I have paid, in the past, to see the same sites!


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Herodian Theater At Caesarea. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Herodian Theater At Caesarea. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Herodian Theater At Caesarea.Herodian Theater At Caesarea.
Herodian Theater At Caesarea. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Herodian Theater At Caesarea. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Herodian Theater At Caesarea.Herodian Theater At Caesarea.
Herodian Theater At Caesarea. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Herodian Theater At Caesarea. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Herodian Theater At Caesarea.Herodian Theater At Caesarea.
Partial Reconstruction Of Herod's Promontory Palace. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Partial Reconstruction Of Herod's Promontory Palace. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Partial Reconstruction Of
Herod's Promontory Palace.
Partial Reconstruction Of
Herod's Promontory Palace.
Caesarea Crusader City Wall. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Caesarea Crusader City Wall. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Caesarea Crusader City Wall.Caesarea Crusader City Wall.
Caesarea Herods' Temple. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Caesarea Herods' Temple. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Caesarea Herods' Temple.Caesarea Herods' Temple.
Crusader Citadel, Mosque, Herod's Inner Harbor. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Crusader Citadel. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Crusader Citadel
Mosque
Herod's Inner Harbor.
Crusader Citadel.
Cruisaders' Fortress Caesarea. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Cruisaders' Fortress Caesarea. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Cruisaders' Fortress Caesarea.Cruisaders' Fortress Caesarea.
Cruisaders' Fortress Caesarea. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Caesarea Roman Aqueduct. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Cruisaders' Fortress Caesarea.Caesarea Roman Aqueduct.
Caesarea Roman Aqueduct. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Caesarea Roman Aqueduct. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Caesarea Roman Aqueduct.Caesarea Roman Aqueduct.
Caesarea Roman Aqueduct. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Caesarea Roman Aqueduct. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Caesarea Roman Aqueduct.Caesarea Roman Aqueduct.
Caesarea Roman Aqueduct. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Caesarea Roman Aqueduct. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Caesarea Roman Aqueduct.Caesarea Roman Aqueduct.
Muhraka, Elijah's Monument. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Audrey DeLange At Caesarea. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Muhraka, Elijah's Monument.Audrey DeLange At Caesarea.
Pontius Pilate Ancient Inscription. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Pontius Pilate Ancient Inscription. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Stone With The
Pontius Pilate Ancient Inscription.
Pontius Pilate Ancient Inscription.
Caesarea Maritima. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.Caesarea Beach. Caesarea Maritima, Israel, History & Historical Travel & Tours Pictures, Photos, & Information.
Caesarea Maritima.Caesarea Beach.

Free Breakfast with IHG Hotels.


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Discover Israel's holy highlights on an action-packed 5-day tour from Tel Aviv, with hotel and 'kibbutz' (family-run guesthouse) accommodation included. Led by an expert local guide, the experience is packed with walking tours and excursions that offer perfect introductions to Israel's top attractions. Explore Jerusalem's Old City and the City of David on walking tours; ride to the hill-top fortress of Masada by cable car; float in the desolate Dead Sea; tour Nazareth and the villages around the Sea of Galilee; visit the ancient ruins of Caesarea and more!


5-Day Israel Tour from Jerusalem: Dead Sea, Nazareth and Masada - $786.00

This action-packed 5-day tour from Jerusalem offers a perfect introduction to Israel's holy highlights and top attractions. With your expert local guide, explore Jerusalem's Old City and the City of David; take a cable car ride to the hill-top fortress of Masada; relax by floating in the Dead Sea; tour Nazareth and the villages around the Sea of Galilee; visit the ancient ruins of Caesarea and more. Your experience includes guided walking tours, free time to spend at your leisure, and overnight accommodation in 3-star hotels and a family-run guesthouse."


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2-Day Israel Tour from Tel Aviv: Acre, Caesarea, Nazareth and the Sea of Galilee - $310.00

Explore some of Israel's finest ancient cities and religious sites on a 2-day tour of Israel, led by a local guide! After visiting King Herod's old stomping ground at the coastal town of Caesarea, stroll around the UNESCO-listed Baha'i Gardens in Haifa, and then discover the delights of the underground caves at Rosh Hanikra. Enjoy an overnight stay in a traditional Israeli kibbutz (family-run guesthouse) in Mizra and then spend the final day visiting sites in and around the Sea of Galilee, such as Nazareth, Capernaum and Yarendit.


2-Day Northern Israel Tour from Jerusalem: Golan Heights, Nazareth and the Sea of Galilee - $310.00

Marvel at the wonders of northern Israel on a 2-day tour of Golan Heights and the Sea of Galilee from Jerusalem! This exciting experience includes visits to all the top Golan Heights attractions such as the Hammat Gader border, the Talmudic village of Katzrin and Mount Bental, a dormant volcano. After an overnight stay in a traditional Israeli 'kibbutz' (family-run guesthouse), head south to the Sea of Galilee, enjoying a tour of Nazareth plus visits to the ancient fishing village of Capernaum, Yarendit baptismal site and more.


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2-Day Best of Israel Tour: Old Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Masada & the Dead Sea - $310.00

Indulge both body and soul on the 2-Day Best of Israel Tour. After an action-packed day exploring the ancient biblical cities of Jerusalem and Bethlehem, spend your second day relaxing and taking in the sights at Masada before a spot of Dead Sea pampering.


2-Day Northern Israel Tour from Tel Aviv: Golan Heights, Nazareth and the Sea of Galilee - $310.00

Explore Golan Heights and the area surrounding the Sea of Galilee on a 2-day tour of northern Israel from Tel Aviv! With overnight accommodation in a traditional Israeli 'kibbutz' (family-run guesthouse) included, this must-do tour introduces you to local culture as well as northern Israel's top sites. Visit the Hammat Gader border and the Talmudic village of Katzrin in the rugged Golan Heights region, and then head south to the Sea of Galilee to discover the delights of Nazareth, Capernaum, Yarendit baptismal site and more.


Highlights of Israel Day Trip from Tel Aviv: Jerusalem and the Dead Sea - $131.00

See the highlights of Israel in one day on an evocative sightseeing trip from Tel Aviv. You will discover the ancient city of Jerusalem, a holy site for many different religions, before enjoying a therapeutic spa visit to the Dead Sea. Few places in the world mean so much to so many people as these do, so if you only have a day to spare, make sure you see the best that Israel has to offer!


Highlights of Israel Day Trip: Jerusalem and the Dead Sea - $104.00

See the highlights of Israel in one day on an evocative sightseeing trip from Jerusalem. You will discover the ancient city of Jerusalem, a holy site for many different religions, before enjoying a therapeutic spa visit to the Dead Sea. Few places in the world mean so much to so many people as these do, so if you only have a day to spare, make sure you see the best that Israel has to offer!


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Take a day out to discover the iconic religious sites of Jerusalem and visit the Dead Sea on this private day trip from Tel Aviv. With a private driver-guide, visit Old Jerusalem to see landmarks including the Western Wall, Via Dolorosa and Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and absorb the city views from the Mount of Olives. Then, cross the Judean Desert to float in the Dead Sea and enjoy a revitalizing, mineral-rich mud bath before your return to Tel Aviv. Enjoy in-depth attention from a guide on this private tour.


Private Tour: Highlights of Israel Day Trip from Jerusalem or Tel Aviv Including Old Jerusalem, Western Wall and the Dead Sea - $92.14

Discover Old Jerusalem's top sights and float in the Dead Sea on this private day trip from Jerusalem or Tel Aviv. With a private driver-guide, visit the Mount of Olives to admire glorious views over Jerusalem's old city. Then, head inside the city walls to see the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and Western Wall, and walk the Via Dolorosa, Jesus' path to his crucifixion. Finish at the Dead Sea, with free time to swim in its waters and enjoy a mud bath. Receive the full attention from a guide on this private tour.


We Are Proud Of Our SafeSurf Rating!

Click On Any Of The Following Links By Amazon.Com
For Books Or Videos About Touring In Israel. No Obligation!

no one deals like we do! no one deals like we do!

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